Voltaire's disruptive network
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Power& tradition holding back progress
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Physic's disruption of the Ancien Regime

Summary
David Bodanis illustrates how disruptive effects can take hold.  While the French revolution had many driving forces including famine is declared when:
  1. One in five households in a specific area face extreme food shortages
  2. More than 30% of the population is acutely malnourished
  3. Two people in 10,000 die each day
and oppression the emergence of a new philosophical vision ensured that thoughtful leaders aims to develop plans and strategies which ensure effective coordination to improve the common good of the in-group.  John Adair developed a leadership methodology based on the three-circles model. 
were constrained and conflicted in their responses to the crisis. 
Passionate minds
In David Bodanis's book 'Passionate minds' he explains how Voltaire's self made critical thinking persona became a
This page reviews the catalytic impact of infrastructure on the expression of phenotypic effects by an agent.  The infrastructure reduces the cost the agent must pay to perform the selected action.  The catalysis is enhanced by positive returns. 
catalytic example to copy
for thinkers limited by the oppressive constraint of the French Ancien Regime.  As Voltaire's persona gained credibility he was able to reconnect to mainstream French society initiating a
This page reviews Christensen's disruption of a complex adaptive system (CAS).  The mechanism is discussed with examples from biology and business. 
disruption
which fermented revolution. 

He illustrates how Voltaire was exposed to the ideas of a different culture is how we do and think about things, transmitted by non-genetic means as defined by Frans de Waal.  CAS theory views cultures as operating via memetic schemata evolved by memetic operators to support a cultural superorganism.  Evolutionary psychology asserts that human culture reflects adaptations generated while hunting and gathering.  Dehaene views culture as essentially human, shaped by exaptations and reading, transmitted with support of the neuronal workspace and stabilized by neuronal recycling.  Sapolsky argues that parents must show children how to transform their genetically derived capabilities into a culturally effective toolset.  He is interested in the broad differences across cultures of: Life expectancy, GDP, Death in childbirth, Violence, Chronic bullying, Gender equality, Happiness, Response to cheating, Individualist or collectivist, Enforcing honor, Approach to hierarchy; illustrating how different a person's life will be depending on the culture where they are raised.  Culture:
  • Is deployed during pregnancy & childhood, with parental mediation.  Nutrients, immune messages and hormones all affect the prenatal brain.  Hormones: Testosterone with anti-Mullerian hormone masculinizes the brain by entering target cells and after conversion to estrogen binding to intracellular estrogen receptors; have organizational effects producing lifelong changes.  Parenting style typically produces adults who adopt the same approach.  And mothering style can alter gene regulation in the fetus in ways that transfer epigenetically to future generations!  PMS symptoms vary by culture. 
  • Is also significantly transmitted to children by their peers during play.  So parents try to control their children's peer group.  
  • Is transmitted to children by their neighborhoods, tribes, nations etc. 
  • Influences the parenting style that is considered appropriate. 
  • Can transform dominance into honor.  There are ecological correlates of adopting honor cultures.  Parents in honor cultures are typically authoritarian. 
  • Is strongly adapted across a meta-ethnic frontier according to Turchin.  
  • Across Europe was shaped by the Carolingian empire. 
  • Can provide varying levels of support for innovation.  
  • Produces consciousness according to Dennet. 
, eighteenth century England, and in particular to the
This page reviews the implications of reproduction initially generating a single child cell.  The mechanism and resulting strategic options are discussed. 
impacts of Newton's scientific findings


French society was rigidly structured and designed to benefit the aristocrats at the top of the hierarchy.  However, Voltaire, and his lover is an emotion, which generates a feeling of pleasure at a genetic relative's well-being and pain in their harm.  An inseminated human female is genetically a full relative of her partner since she carries his germ-line gametes.  From any of their pooled gene's perspective the offspring have a one-in-two chance of including the specific gene.  Hence love supports kin selection driven by the selfish actions of genes.  Emotions, including love and anger, help drive the interactions between people.  Compassionate love also supports the symbiotic partnership of true friends built on fairness and trust.  Sapolsky notes the opposite of love is indifference, not hate.  The amygdala's projection into the locus ceruleus drives autonomic intensity. 
Emilie du Chatelet both leveraged
This page reviews the strategy of setting up an arms race.  At its core this strategy depends on being able to alter, or take advantage of an alteration in, the genome or equivalent.  The situation is illustrated with examples from biology, high tech and politics. 
evolutionary amplifiers
to induce sustained financial pools that made them self-sufficient. 
  • Voltaire's political connections ensured he was aware that the government of the city of Paris having defaulted on its bonds was running a high prize lottery for the worthless-bond owners.  Voltaire purchased all the worthless bonds from the original holders, at a premium to their current price.  Still Voltaire paid far less than the government prize and with all the bonds was guaranteed to win.
  • du Chatelet having later built huge long term debts from gambling copied Voltaire's strategy realizing that she could pay cost burdened tax collectors immediate needs in return for a percentage of their future tax collections.  Over time the collectors would lose out but they were interested in solving their present problems.  du Chatelet was then able to offset her debts with the revenue streams she had contracted for with the tax collectors. 

Further Voltaire and du Chatelet had been forced by circumstance to isolate themselves from French society with the result that
Plans emerge in complex adaptive systems (CAS) to provide the instructions that agents use to perform actions.  The component architecture and structure of the plans is reviewed. 
their ideas
were able to
Plans change in complex adaptive systems (CAS) due to the action of genetic operations such as mutation, splitting and recombination.  The nature of the operations is described. 
evolve
in ways that
This page reviews the inhibiting effect of the value delivery system on the expression of new phenotypic effects within an agent. 
would have been impossible if they had been invested in the Court's values.


Still the realization that science could clarify the underlying principles of physics and even chemistry only highlighted for Voltaire and du Chatelet how limited was current understanding of how human thought operated.  It seemed a reasonable extension to apply Newton's methods to humanities actions just as it had been hugely successful in modeling the real world's physical laws.  With that foundation and Darwinian ideas we now have a chance of framing humans as
Plans are interpreted and implemented by agents.  This page discusses the properties of agents in a complex adaptive system (CAS). 
It then presents examples of agents in different CAS.  The examples include a computer program where modeling and actions are performed by software agents.  These software agents are aggregates. 
The participation of agents in flows is introduced and some implications of this are outlined. 
complex adaptive agents
a framework that illuminates the basic logical principles that du Chatelet in particular had been seeking. 

Within seventy years of Voltaire's work both the British and French empires had experienced revolutions overthrowing the rigid political structures present in both Britain's American colonies and in France itself. 
Peter Turchin describes how major pre-industrial empires developed due to effects of geographic boundaries constraining the empires and their neighbors' interactions.  Turchin shows how the asymmetries of breeding rates and resource growth rates results in dynamic cycles within cycles.  After the summary of Turchin's book complex adaptive system (CAS) theory is used to augment Turchins findings. 
Rising populations, expectations and dissatisfaction
with the lack of compromise the political leaders aims to develop plans and strategies which ensure effective coordination to improve the common good of the in-group.  John Adair developed a leadership methodology based on the three-circles model. 
offered encouraged a disruptive shift.  


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This page looks at schematic structures and their uses.  It discusses a number of examples:
  • Schematic ideas are recombined in creativity. 
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As a working example it presents part of the contents and schematic details from the Adaptive Web Framework (AWF)'s operational plan. 

Finally it includes a section presenting our formal representation of schematic goals. 
Each goal has a series of associated complex adaptive system (CAS) strategy strings. 
These goals plus strings are detailed for various chess and business examples. 
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  • A program approach can ensure strategic alignment. 
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