References
This page describes the organizational forces that limit change.  It explains how to overcome them when necessary. 

Power& tradition holding back progress
This page uses an example to illustrate how:
  • A business can gain focus from targeting key customers,
  • Business planning activities performed by the whole organization can build awareness, empowerment and coherence. 
  • A program approach can ensure strategic alignment. 
Be responsive to market dynamics
This page uses the example of HP's printer organization freeing itself from its organizational constraints to sell a printer targeted at the IBM pc user. 
The constraints are described. 
The techniques to overcome them are implied. 
Overcome reactionaries
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References to published works

  • Abbott, Russ (2006 draft). Emergence Explained: Getting epiphenomena to do real work California State University, Los Angeles
  • Adair, John (1983). Effective Leadership A modern guide to developing leadership skills Pan
  • Alekhine, Alexander and C. H. O'D. Alexander (1989->1927,1939,1949). Alekhines's Greatest Games of Chess Batsford
  • Arthur, W. Brian (2009). The Nature of Technology Free Press
  • Baer, Kennith S. (2000). Reinventing Democrats The politics of liberalism from Reagan to Clinton Kansas
  • Baldwin, Carliss and Kim B. Clark (2000). Design Rules vol 1 MIT Press
  • Barkow, Jerome Leda Cosmides and John Tooby (1995-1992). The Adapted Mind Oxford 
  • Barlett, Donald L. and James B. Steele (2006). Critical Condition Broadway books
  • Beard, Mary (2015). SPQR A history of ancient Rome Liveright
  • Beckert, Sven (2014) Empire Of Cotton A global history Alfred A. Knopf
  • Blackmore, Susan (2000->1999). The Meme Machine Oxford
  • Bodanis, David (2016). Einstein's Greatest Mistake A biography Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
  • Bodanis, David (2006). Passionate Minds Crown
  • Booch, Grady (1991). Object Oriented Design with Applications Benjamin Cummings
  • Boot, Max (2006). War Made New Technology warfare, and the course of history 1500 to today Gotham Books
  • Bossidy, Larry and Ram Charan (2002). Execution the Discipline of Getting Things Done Crown Business
  • Brooks, Frederick (1995->1975). The Mythical Man-Month Addison Wesley
  • Brynjolfsson, Erik and Andrew McAfee (2014). The Second Machine Age Work, progress and prosperity in a time of brilliant technologies Norton 
  • Buckner, Randy Jessica Andrews-Hanna and Daniel Schacter (2008). The Brain's Default Network Anatomy, function, and relevance to disease Annals of New York Academy of Sciences
  • Budrys, Grace (2017->2003). Unequal Health How inequality contrbutes to health or illness Third edition Rowman & Littlefield
  • Burgelman, Robert (2002). Strategy is Destiny Free Press
  • Capablanca, J. R. (1977->1935). A Primer of Chess Harcourt
  • Carr, Nicholas (2010). The Shallows What the Internet is doing to our brains Norton
  • Chandler, Alfred D. (1995->1962). Strategy and Structure MIT Press
  • Christensen, Clayton (2000->1997). The Innovator's Dilemma Harvard Business School Press
  • Christensen, Clayton and Michael E. Raynor (2003). The Innovator's Solution Harvard Business School Publishing
  • Christensen, Clayton Jerome Grossman and Jason Hwang (2009). The Innovator's Prescription A disruptive solution for health care McGrawHill
  • Chua, Amy and Jed Rubenfeld (2014). The Triple Package How three unlikely traits explain the rise and fall of cultural groups in America Penguin Press (www.thetriplepackage.com)
  • Chua, Amy and Jed Rubenfeld (2014). What Drives Success? Culture pushes some groups to achieve.  We can learn from them. New York Times Sunday Review Opinion Jan 26, 2014
  • Cohen, Roger (2016). Britain's Leap in the Dark The dawn of an era of great volatility for the world. New York Times Saturday Opinion Jun 25, 2016
  • Cohen, Yale and Richard Andersen (2002). A Common Reference Frame For Movement Plans in the Posterior Parietal Cortex Nature (www.vis.caltech.edu/documents/46-cohen_nature_review_2002.pdf)
  • Conway, Ed (2014). The Summit Bretton Woods, 1944 J.M. Keynes and the reshaping of the global economy Pegasus Books
  • Cooper, Jack R. Floyd E. Bloom and Robert H. Roth (2003->1970) The Biochemical Basis of Neuropharmacology Oxford
  • Crick, Francis (1994). The Astonishing Hypothesis Touchstone
  • Das, Satyajit (2006). Traders guns and money Financial Times/Prentice Hall
  • Dawisha, Karen (2014). Putin's Kleptocracy Who owns Russia? Simon & Schuster
  • Dawkins, Richard (2004). The Ancestor's Tale A pilgrimage to the dawn of evolution Houghton Mifflin
  • Dawkins, Richard (1996->1986). The Blind Watchmaker Why the evidence of evolution reveals a universe without design Norton
  • Dawkins, Richard (1999->1982). The Extended Phenotype Oxford
  • Dawkins, Richard (1989->1976). The Selfish Gene Oxford
  • de Bono, Edward (1993->1992). Serious Creativity Harper Business
  • Deacon, Terrence (2012). Incomplete Nature How mind emerged from matter Norton
  • Deaton, Angus (2013). The Great Escape health, wealth, and the origins of inequality Princeton University Press
  • Dehaene, Stanislas (2014). Consciousness and the Brain Deciphering How the Brain Codes Our Thoughts Viking 
  • Dehaene, Stanislas (2009). Reading in the Brain The new science of how we read Penguin
  • Delamarter, Richard Thomas (1986). Big Blue IBM's use and abuse of power Macmillan
  • Deming, W. Edwards (1986). Out of the Crisis MIT
  • Desmond Adrian & James Moore (1992->1991). Darwin Penguin
  • Diamond, Jared (1999->1997). Guns, Germs, and Steel The fates of human societies Norton
  • Diamond, Jared (2005). Collapse How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed Viking 
  • Dorner, Dietrich (1996->1989). The Logic of Failure Recognizing and avoiding error in complex situations Basic Books
  • Einstein, Albert (1961). Relativity The Special and the General Theory Three Rivers Press
  • Elgin, Sarah and Jerry L. Workman (2000->1995) Chromatin Structure and Gene Expression Oxford 
  • Escher, Maurits Cornelis (1948). Drawing Hands lithograph
  • Escher, Maurits Cornelis (1938). Sky and Water woodcut
  • Fama, Eugene (1970). Efficient Markets: Theory and Evidence in Journal of Finance
  • Ferguson, Charles H. (2012). Predator Nation Corporate criminals, Political corruption, and the hijacking of America Crown Business
  • Fersht, Alan (1977). Enzyme Structure and Mechanism Freeman
  • Friedman, Howard and Leslie Martin (2012->2011). The Longevity Project Surprising discoveries for health and long life from the landmark eight-decade study Plume 
  • Galbraith, John Kenneth (1984->1954). The Great Crash 1929 Penguin Books
  • Gawande, Atul (2014). Being Mortal Medicine and what matters in the end Metropolitan Books
  • Gawande, Atul (2010->2009). The Checklist Manifesto How to get things right Picador
  • Gellman, Barton (2008). Angler The Cheney Vice Presidency The Penguin Press
  • Gell-Mann, Murray (1994). The Quark and the Jaguar Freeman
  • Gerstner, Louis (2002). Who Says Elephants Can't Dance? Harper Business
  • Gertner, Jon (2013->2012). The Idea Factory Bell Labs and the Great Age of American Innovation Penguin
  • Gilb, Tom and Susannah Finzi (1988) Principles of Software Engineering Management Addison Wesley
  • Gordon, Robert J. (2016). The Rise and Fall of American Growth The U.S. standard of living since the civil war Princeton
  • Graziano, Michael (2014). Are We Really Conscious?  Gray matter, The New York Times Sunday, Oct 12, 2014
  • Greenblatt, Stephen (2011). The Swerve How the world became modern Norton
  • Haikonen, Pentti (2012). Consciousness and Robot Sentience World Scientific
  • Harris, Judith (2009->1998). The Nurture Assumption Why children turn out the way they do The Free Press
  • Haseltine, William (2013). Affordable Excellence The Singapore healthcare story Brookings
  • Hawkins, Jeff with Sandra Blakeslee (2004). On Intelligence How a new understanding of the brain will lead to the creation of truly intelligent machines Times Books
  • Hayek, F.A. (1989->1988). The Fatal Conceit Chicago
  • Hayek, F.A. (2007->1944). The Road to Serfdom Chicago
  • Helmreich, Ernst (2001). The Biochemistry of Cell Signalling Oxford
  • Hofstadter, Douglas (1995). Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies Basic Books
  • Holland, John (1975). Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems University of Michigan
  • Holland, John (1995). Hidden Order How Adaptation Builds Complexity Persius Books
  • Holland, John (1998). Emergence from Chaos to Order Persius Books 
  • Hughes, Daniel J. (1995->1993). Moltke on the Art of War Selected writings Presidio 
  • Isaacson, Walter. (2014). The Innovators How a group of hackers, geniuses, and geeks created the digital revolution Simon & Schuster
  • Ishikawa, Kaoru (1985->1981). What is Total Quality Control? The Japanese way Prentice Hall
  • Johnson, Simon and James Kwak (2012). White House Burning The founding fathers, our national debt, and why it matters to you Pantheon
  • Johnson, Steven (2010). Where Good Ideas Come From Riverhead Books
  • Johnson, Steven (2016). Wonderland How play made the modern world Riverhead Books
  • Kahneman, Daniel (2011). Thinking, Fast and Slow Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • Kandel, Eric (2006). In Search of Memory The emergence of a new science of mind Norton
  • Kauffman, Stuart (2000). Investigations Oxford University Press 
  • Kauffman, Stuart (2008). Reinventing the Sacred Basic Books
  • Keirsey, David (1998). Please Understand Me II Temperament Character Intelligence enables the achievement of goals in the face of obstacles.  The goals are sub-goals of genes' survival and reproduction and include:
    • Obtaining and eating food
    • Sex
    • Finding and maintaining shelter
    • Fighting for resources - in the preferred hunter gatherer environment loss of resources was critical while possession was often transient. 
    • Understanding the proximate environment
    • Securing the cooperation of others
    Prometheus Nemesis Book Company
  • Kennedy, Paul (1989->1988). The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers Economic change and military conflict from 1500 to 2000 Fontana Press
  • Keres, Paul and Alexander Kotov (1989->1964). The Art of the Middle Game Dover
  • Khan, Salman (2012). The One World School House Education reimagined Twelve Books
  • Kim, W. Chan and Renee Maubourne (2003). Tipping Point Leadership in Harvard Business Review (April 2003) Harverd Business School Publications
  • Kruse, Kevin M. (2015). One Nation Under God How corporate American invented christian america Basic Books
  • Lanier, Jaron (2013). Who Owns the Future? Simon & Schuster
  • LeDoux, Joseph (2002). Synaptic Self How our brains become who we are Penguin 
  • Lehrer, Jonah (2009). How We Decide HMH
  • Liddell Hart, B.F. (1994->1926). Scipio Africanus Da Capo
  • Liddell Hart, B.F. (1991->1954). Strategy Meridian 
  • Machiavelli, Niccolo - George Bull translation (1981->1961). The Prince Penguin
  • Mandel, Michael (2000). The Coming Internet Depression Basic Books
  • Mandelson, Peter (2010). The Third Man Life at the heart of new labour Harper Press
  • McCullough, David (2015). The Wright Brothers Simon & Schuster
  • Mead, Carver and Lynn Conway (1980). Introduction to VLSI Systems Addison Wesley
  • Medawar, Peter (1991->1990). The Threat and the Glory Reflections on science and scientists Oxford
  • Menger, Carl (2009->1892). On the Origins of Money in Economic Journal 2 and Ludwig von Mises Institute
  • Meyer, Bertrand (1988). Object-oriented Software Construction Prentice Hall 
  • Minsky, Marvin (2006). The Emotion Machine Commonsense thinking, artificial intelligence, and the future of the human mind Simon & Schuster
  • Mitchell, Melanie (2009). Complexity A guided tour Oxford
  • Montague, Read (2006). Why Choose This Book? How We Make Decisions Dutton 
  • Moore, Charles (2013). Margaret Thatcher The authorized biography volume one: Not for turning; Allen Lane 
  • Moore, Charles (2015). Margaret Thatcher The authorized biography volume two: Everything she wants; Allen Lane
  • Moore, Geoffrey (1995->1991). Crossing the Chasm Harper Business
  • Mukherjee, Siddhartha (2010). The Emperor of all Maladies A biography of cancer is the out-of-control growth of cells, which have stopped obeying their cooperative schematic planning and signalling infrastructure.  It results from compounded: oncogene, tumor suppressor, DNA caretaker; mutations in the DNA.  In 2010 one third of Americans are likely to die of cancer.  Cell division rates did not predict likelihood of cancer.  Viral infections are associated.  Radiation and carcinogen exposure are associated.  Lifestyle impacts the likelihood of cancer occurring: Drinking alcohol to excess, lack of exercise, Obesity, Smoking, More sun than your evolved melanin protection level; all significantly increase the risk of cancer occurring (Jul 2016).   Scribner
  • Muolo, Paul and Mathew Padilla (2008). Chain of Blame How Wall Street Caused the Mortgage and Credit Crisis Wiley
  • Neustadt, Richard E. (1990->1960). Presidential Power and the Modern Presidents Free Press
  • Nimzowitsch, Aron (1993). Chess Praxis Hays
  • Nimzowitsch, Aron (1991). My System Hays
  • Ould, Martyn (1990). Strategies for Software Engineering The management of Risk and Quality Wiley
  • Palast, Greg (2006). Armed Madhouse Who's Afraid of Osama Wolf?, China Floats, Bush Sinks, The Scheme to Steal '08, No Child's Behind Left, and Other Dispatches from the Front Lines of the Class War Dutton
  • Philips, Kevin (2008). Bad Money Viking
  • Piketty, Thomas (2014->2013). Capital in the Twenty-First Century Belknap Harvard 
  • Pinker, Steven (2009->1997). How The Mind Works Norton
  • Pollan, Michael (2006). The Omnivore's Dilemma Penguin 
  • Popper, Karl (1963). Conjectures and Refutations (especially the section On the Sources of Knowledge and Ignorance) Routledge 
  • Porter, Michael E. (1980). Competitive Strategy Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors Free Press
  • Porter, Michael E. and Elizabeth Olmsted Teisberg (2006) Redefining Health Care Harvard Business School Press
  • Powell, Jonathan (2010). The New Machiavelli How to wield power in the modern world The Bodley Head
  • Putnam, Robert D. (2015). Our Kids The American Dream in Crisis Simon & Schuster
  • Ridley, Matt (2010). The Rational Optimist How Prosperity Evolves Harper
  • Ridley, Matt (1993). The Red Queen Sex and the evolution of human nature Harper Perennial
  • Sachs, Jeffrey D. (2009->2008). Common Wealth Economics for a Crowded Planet Penguin
  • Samuel, Arthur (1959). "Some Studies in Machine Learning Using the Game of Checkers." in E. A. Feigenbaum and J. Feldman. eds. (1963) Computers and Thought McGraw-Hill
  • Sapolsky, Robert M. (2017). Behave The biology of humans at our best and worst Penguin Press
  • Schrodinger, Erwin (1944). What is Life? Cambridge University Press
  • Schumpeter, Joseph (1994->1943 (uk)). Capitalism, Socialism & Democracy Routledge
  • Schwartz, Maxime (2003). How the Cows Turned Mad California
  • Schwartz, Peter (1996->1991). The Art of the Long View Currency Doubleday
  • Searle, John R. (1980).  'Minds, Brains. and Programs.' in The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol 3
  • Seeley, William Vinod Menon, [...] and Michael Greicius (2007). Dissociable Intrinsic Connectivity Networks for Salience Processing and Executive Control Journal of neuroscience
  • Shah, Sonia (2010). The Fever How malaria has ruled humankind for 500,000 years Sarah Crichton Books
  • Shannon, C.E. (1948). A Mathematical Theory of Communication from The Bell System Technical Journal, vol 27
  • Shereshevsky, Mikhail (1988->1981). Endgame Strategy Cadogan chess
  • Shingo, Shigeo (1989). A study of the Toyota Production System from an Industrial Engineering Viewpoint Productivity Press
  • Shubin, Neil (2009->2008). Your Inner Fish A journey into the 3.5-billion-year history of the human body Vintage
  • Silman, Jeremy (2001). The Reassess Your Chess Workbook Siles Press
  • Slater, Robert (1999). Jack Welch and the GE Way McGraw-Hill
  • Stein, Lincoln (2001). Network Programming with Perl Addison Wesley 
  • Sweet, Victoria (2012). God's Hotel A doctor, a hospital, and a pilgrimage to the heart of medicine Riverhead Books
  • Taibbi, Matt (2014). The Divide American injustice in the age of the wealth gap Spiegel & Grau
  • Tal, Mikhail (2000->1970). Tal Botvinnik 1960 Russell Enterprises 
  • Taylor, A J P (1987->1961). The Origins of the Second World War Penguin Books
  • Tsonis, Panagiotis A. (2003) Anatomy of Gene Regulation A three-dimensional structural analysis Cambridge
  • Turchin, Peter (2006). War & Peace & War The Life Cycles of Imperial Nations Pi Press
  • Vukovic, Vladimir (2002->1965). Art of Attack in Chess Everyman
  • Waldrop, M. Mitchell (1992). Complexity The emerging science at the edge of order and chaos Viking
  • Watson, James D. (2007). Avoid Boring People Knopf
  • Williamson, Oliver E. (1985). The Economic Institutions of Capitalism Free Press 
  • Wilson, E. O. (2002). The Future of Life Vintage
  • Wilson, E. O. and Bert Holldobler (2009).  The SuperOrganism The Beauty, Elegance, and Strangeness of Insect Societies Norton
  • Womack, James P. Daniel T. Jones and Daniel Roos (1991->1990). The Machine That Changed The World The story of lean production How Japan's secret weapon in the global auto wars will revolutionize western industry Harper Perennial 
  • Yong, Ed (2016). I Contain Multitudes The microbes within us and a grander view of life CCCO
  • Yunus, Muhammad (2003->1999). Banker to the Poor PublicAffairs


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integrating quality appropriate for each market
 
This page looks at schematic structures and their uses.  It discusses a number of examples:
  • Schematic ideas are recombined in creativity. 
  • Similarly designers take ideas and rules about materials and components and combine them. 
  • Schematic Recipes help to standardize operations. 
  • Modular components are combined into strategies for use in business plans and business models. 

As a working example it presents part of the contents and schematic details from the Adaptive Web Framework (AWF)'s operational plan. 

Finally it includes a section presenting our formal representation of schematic goals. 
Each goal has a series of associated complex adaptive system (CAS) strategy strings. 
These goals plus strings are detailed for various chess and business examples. 
Strategy
| Design |
This page uses an example to illustrate how:
  • A business can gain focus from targeting key customers,
  • Business planning activities performed by the whole organization can build awareness, empowerment and coherence. 
  • A program approach can ensure strategic alignment. 
Program Management
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